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Glossary

Lista alfabética de termos comumente utilizados no âmbito acadêmico e da saúde, extraído do “Glossário de Álcool e Drogas” publicado pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) e traduzido pela Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas (SENAD).

  • Addict

    Person who has an uncontrollable need to use one or more substances that impact the Central Nervous System, generally responsible for producing changes in it.
  • Addiction

    Physical and psychological dependency on alcohol, drugs, sex, among others. Nothing seems to make the person stop using certain substances or cease to present certain behaviors that cause damage to the individual.
  • Alcoholic Anonymous (AA)

    Help group, anonymous and voluntary for people with problems related to alcohol consumption. Withdrawal is proposed into 12 steps to be followed inside an environment in which alcoholics share their experiences.
  • Alcoholism

    Disease characterized by excessive drinking and dependency on alcohol. Alcoholism generally brings physical, psychological, family, social and professional problems.
  • Alcoholist

    Person who cannot establish limits as for the use of alcoholic beverages and cannot fight against the urge to drink.
  • Binge Drinking

    Traditionally, it refers to the fact that an individual drinks for a period of not less than two days. During this time, the person undermines his/her daily activities. Recently, the term has been used to define successive drinking of five or more doses of alcoholic beverages for men and four or more doses for women in approximately two hours.
  • Blank Out

    State of amnesia for events that occurred during alcoholic intoxication.
  • Blood-Alcohol Concentration

    Quantity of alcohol present in the blood stream measured in percentages. The quantity of grams of alcohol in the blood in relation to 100 milliliters of alcohol, expressed in percentage.
  • Cardiovascular System

    Heart and blood vessels.
  • Central Nervous System (CNS)

    Brain, bone marrow and some sight nerves
  • Chemical Dependency

    Physical and psychological dependency on substances capable of altering the central nervous system, such as alcohol and drugs.
  • Chronic Illness

    It refers to a disease or physical condition that persists for a long period of time, generally a life time.
  • Comorbity

    Dependency on alcohol and drugs that co-exit with one or more psychiatric disorders.
  • Dependent

    Person who has an uncontrollable need for a particular substance, generally a substance that causes alterations to the central nervous system (addict).
  • Depressors

    Drugs that reduce the activity in the central nervous system.
  • Disturbants

    Drugs that “disturb” the central nervous system, causing hallucinations and illusions.
  • Dose

    One dose contains 8 to 13 grams of ethanol and it is equivalent to 285 ml of beer, 120 mil of wine and 30 ml of spirits as whisky, vodka or Brazilian “pinga”.
  • Equivalence

    It refers to the fact that a can of beer, a glass of whine and one done of distilled have the same quantity of alcohol.
  • Fermented drinks

    Type of alcoholic drink derived from a process of turning sugar into ethylic alcohol by fermentation.
  • Metabolism

    Process in which the body breaks or alters molecules as a way to obtain, store and use energy and eliminate what is not used.
  • Psychoactive Drug

    Substances that have the power to alter the operation of the central nervous system.
  • Rehabilitation

    Treatment for alcohol and drug addiction in which the person is deprived of the substance until it is completely eliminated from his/her body.
  • Relapse

    When the person who is not using alcohol and/or drugs begins using it again.
  • Spirits

    Type of alcoholic beverage resulting of a process in which the wort is boiled and later cooled. The condensed product contains a higher alcohol concentration.
  • Stimulants

    Drugs that stimulate the activity in the central nervous system.
  • Tolerance

    Situation in which the body cells adapt to the presence of the drug. The term is related to the state in which the body is used to certain substance, and higher doses of the substance are necessary to produce the desired effects.
  • Withdrawal

    Privation of the use of a chemical substance that causes dependency. Process in which the dependent stops using alcohol and drugs.

CISA - Center for Information on Health and Alcohol
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